The Skyscraper Wonders: World’s Tallest Buildings That You Might Want To Visit
If the world has its natural wonders that are massive and serve as landmarks for nations, human engineering also made marvels that won’t get left behind in terms of size and height. Although man-made marvels are made of cement, steel, and glass, its mere size and strength will surely make them last for many and many years, just like the natural wonders which were already there even before history.
Human construction and engineering had gone a long way since then. The earliest civilizations that dominated the lands long time ago built massive structures using only stones, wood, and clay. Some of these historical structures are still standing today even thousands of years have already passed. A few examples are the Great Wall, the Pantheon, the Pyramids, and the Colloseum. Because of these amazing and unbelievable man-made marvels, modern engineers and architects are left to prove their worth to reach and surpass what their predecessors have accomplished.
As construction materials and engineering science improve everyday, engineers and architects are challenged to build the most massive and the tallest structures that could withstand the harsh forces of nature. Every couple of years, one massive and tall building is constructed that shatters the records of the previous king, also defying the previous assumptions of the on how tall a building can be built. Now, the challenge became more global than ever before. Massive projects that promise record-breaking heights are simultaneously being constructed around the world. These towering structures not only compete on the height category but also on the design aspect. It is amazing to know that the bright minds of today can build such tall buildings that are structurally sound and safe and at the same time incorporate designs that give the people the big “wow” experience.
The race is on everyone and we are on the front row seats to witness its grandeur. For those who want a sneak peek of the reigning “giants”, we offer you the top 7 list below. Enjoy!
7. One World Trade Center, New York
The tallest building the in the entire Western Hemisphere is found in New York City, USA. The One World Trade Center stands 1,776 feet tall with 104 storeys and was completed in 2014. The towering structure was constructed as the new functional building of once were World Trade Center towers that were attacked by terrorists. The new building has features of a green architecture like renewable energy sources and rainwater re-utilization. The whole plan for the project is still on-going and more buildings are to be constructed. Five high-rise buildings and a commemorative museum are part of this massive project.
6. Lotte World Tower, South Korea
After 13 years of meticulous planning and site preparation, the Lotte World Tower project headed by Kohn Pedersen Fox architecture firm was finally granted the approval to emerge. Constructed started in year 2010 and completed last 2016 with the soaring height of 554.5 meters (1,819 ft). It is the sixth tallest building all over the globe and currently the tallest building of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The building comprises 117 floors above ground and 6 more underground. Even with its height, the building was scientifically designed to withstand strong earthquakes even those that reaches the magnitude of 9 in the Richter scale.
5. Goldin Finance 117, China
The Goldin Finance 117 building is a 597 meter high (1,959 ft) skyscraper designed by the P&T Group and constructed in Tianjin, China. This diamond shaped towering structure comprises of offices and a hotel.
Goldin Finance’s top design was supposedly a fin-like form, however, over the years it was replaced by a diamond.
4. Pang An International Finance Centre, China
The Pang An International Finance Centre in China ranked fourth in the world’s tallest buildings list with the total height of 599 meters (1965 ft). The structure designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates was commissioned by Pang An Insurance and it contains 115 floors. Aside from the Pang An Insurance offices, the building also houses a conference hub, a hotel, and retail places within a high-end shopping mall.
3. Makkah Royal Clock Tower, Mecca
The Makkah Royal Clock Tower in Mecca stands tall and proud with an overall height of 601 meters (1,972 ft). The building’s grandeur speaks for itself as it shatters 30 world records due to its height and massive structures. Being the tallest clock tower in the holy city of Islam, the building is truly a sight to behold. Its giant clock face that measures 43 meters in diameter with a revolving 23-meter minute hand can be seen even if you are 8 kilometers away. At night, the clock glows even more spectacular as over two million LEDs light it up, making it legible at night and afar. The building itself is 35 times larger than the Big Ben studded with 98 million mosaic tiles.
Aside from being the third tallest building recorded, the Post Modern styled Makkah Royal Clock Tower is regarded as the world’s most expensive building with the total construction expenditure of 15 billion dollars
2. Shanghai Tower, Shanghai
Gensler, an Architecture firm, has finally completed in year 2015 the Shanghai Tower project which stands tall at 632 meters high (2,073 ft). Shanghai Tower is China’s tallest structure and ranked second on the world’s list of tallest buildings as recorded by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH).
Curved and twisted – these are the two words that best describes the Shanghai Tower architecture. The mixed-use skyscraper encompasses 121 storeys, divided into nine vertical zones. Each of this vertical zones is organized by a sky lobby where plant atriums are present much like courtyards and town plazas in the sky.
1. Burj Khalifa, Dubai
The renowned megatall skyscraper in Dubai, the Burj Khalifa holds the title as the world’s tallest building with a roof height of 828 meters (2,717 ft) and with its antenna, it has a total height of 828 m (2,717 feet). The superb Neo Futurism structure houses 163 floors.
The architect Adrian Smith, made use of materials like glass, aluminum, steel and reinforced concrete for the building. The construction began in year 2004 and was completed in 2009. The following year, they opened the mixed use structure for the public.
Burj Khalifa was named after the ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.